Download E-books Social Capital: A Theory of Social Structure and Action (Structural Analysis in the Social Sciences) PDF

By Nan Lin

Social Capital explains the significance of utilizing social connections and social kinfolk in attaining targets. Social capital, or assets accessed via such connections and kin, is important (along with human capital, or what anyone or association truly possesses) achieve targets for people, social teams, agencies, and groups. The ebook introduces a conception that forcefully argues and exhibits why "it is who you know," in addition to "what you know" that makes a distinction in existence and society.

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Download E-books Einführung in die Geschichtswissenschaft I: Grundprobleme, Arbeitsorganisation, Hilfsmittel (Studienbücher Moderne Geschichte) (German Edition) PDF

By Barbara Vogel, Heide Wunder, Peter Borowsky

Der erste Band der "Studienbücher Moderne Geschichte" verbindet eine praxisbezogene Einführung in Arbeitsweisen und Hilfsmittel der Geschichtswissenschaft mit einer Erörterung der theoretischen und methodologischen Grundprobleme des Faches Geschichte. Der Aufbau des Bandes orientiert sich an den Bedürfnissen des Studenten und am Arbeitsprozeß des Historikers. Die einzelnen Arbeitsschritte werden durchgängig am Beispiel der Preußischen Reformen konkretisiert. Dadurch wird zugleich eine Einführung in ein zentrales Thema der neueren deutschen Geschichte gegeben.

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Download E-books Aggression in Humans and Other Primates: Biology, Psychology, Sociology PDF

By Henning Kort M., J. Rgen Heinze, Hans-Henning Kort M.

During this paintings aggression and clash in guy and different primates are interpreted within the gentle of evolutionary biology and video game concept types. before interdisciplinary collaboration among the arts and the usual sciences has been infrequent and hampered via various methodologies and terminology. however, such cooperation is vital for elucidating the reasons and outcomes of aggression in people and in explaining what form aggression takes specifically occasions. the purpose of this quantity is to provide empirical and theoretical reports from biologists and social scientists to create an interdisciplinary framework for knowing aggression.

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Download E-books After Bourdieu: Influence, Critique, Elaboration PDF

By David L. Swartz, Vera L. Zolberg

The main major French sociologist given that Durkheim, Pierre Bourdieu's impression on highbrow lifestyles exhibits no signal of abating. He used to be a prolific and consequential pupil whose impression might be measured by way of the Social technological know-how quotation Index and foreign surveys of lecturers. Conceptualizations, akin to habitus and box, his heuristic remedy of cultural, monetary, political, social and symbolic capital to investigate the makes use of of strength, and his insistence upon melding the often separated micro and macro degrees of societal theorizing are actually embedded within the uncomplicated vocabulary of sociology and anthropology. even if in accord together with his outlook, severe students are obliged to check themselves opposed to his demanding situations. Bourdieu additionally performed a substantial function as a public highbrow, taking positions on questions important to France and to the area extra in general. lots of his contributions stem from his very important study initiatives: colonialism, academic inequality, the social foundations of style within the arts and existence kinds, social replica of prestige relationships, and extra lately, the influence of unchecked globalism at the deprived. The articles during this booklet characterize a sampling of the newest and sturdy of the continued conversations, debates, and study orientations that Bourdieu introduced.

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Download E-books Epistémologie des sciences sociales PDF

By Jean-Michel Berthelot

Quels programmes, quels paradigmes sous-tendent les recherches en sciences humaines, créent les écoles rivales et rapprochent des disciplines différentes ? remark chacune de ces disciplines parvient-elle à articuler los angeles size historique et structurelle qui los angeles compose ? remark se gèrent les rapports entre modélisations mathématiques et récits de state of affairs ? Quelle position est donnée aux motives, quelle signification accordée aux raisons ? Faut-il opposer ou articuler explication et compréhension ? Les sciences sociales sont des disciplines aux frontières incertaines. Les unes, comme l'histoire ou l. a. géographie, remontent à l'Antiquité. Les autres, comme los angeles sociologie ou l. a. psychologie sociale, ont tout juste un siècle. Certaines prennent pour objet l'ensemble des phénomènes sociaux et d'autres - l'économie, l. a. linguistique, and so on. - privilégient un domaine d'activité déterminé. Mais derrière cette diversité - d'origines, d'objet, de culture - surgissent des issues essentiels de rencontre et de recouvrement que synthétise et interroge ce manuel.

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Download E-books Gewerkschaftliche Modernisierung (German Edition) PDF

By Thomas Haipeter, Klaus Dörre

Die deutschen Gewerkschaften und mit ihnen die Betriebsräte stehen mit dem Rücken zur Wand. Vorbei sind die Zeiten, in denen die Gewerkschaften eine stabile Organisationsmacht hatten, in denen sie als intermediäre Akteure tragfähige Kompromisse zwischen Kapital und Arbeit aushandeln konnten und in denen sie umfassend in der Arbeitswelt präsent waren. Seit den 1990er Jahren leiden die Gewerkschaften unter anhaltenden Mitgliederrückgängen und weiten sich Vertretungslücken im procedure der Interessenvertretung aus. Die Autoren dieses Sammelbandes beleuchten Ansatzpunkte aktueller Modernisierungsbemühungen der Interessenvertretungen und loten die Handlungschancen und die Erneuerungsperspektiven aus.

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Download E-books Ideology and the Social Sciences: (Contributions in Sociology) PDF

By Graham C. Kinloch Raj P. Mohan

The level to which glossy social technological know-how maintains to mirror the subjective qualities of authors and the contexts within which they function, instead of the target evidence or insights they declare to increase, is still the most remarkable positive aspects of social technology study and writing. Kinloch and Mohan supply a multidisciplinary and world wide exam of the binds among the subjective characteristics of social scientists, the contexts during which they impact study, and the categories of information they produce.The essays fall into 5 basic subject components: significant theoretical matters, examine as ideology, the political context of ideology, significant elements within the educational environment, and the connection among own biography ideology. This publication can be of maximum problem to students, scholars, and researchers concerned with the sociology of data, social concept and techniques, comparative social technological know-how, and social difficulties.

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Download E-books Making Science: Between Nature and Society PDF

By Stephen Cole

The sociology of technology is ruled at the present time by means of relativists who boldly argue that the content material of technological know-how isn't inspired by way of facts from the empirical global yet is as an alternative socially built within the laboratory. Making Science is the 1st critical critique by way of a sociologist of the social constructivist position.

Stephen Cole starts off by way of creating a contrast among types of wisdom: the middle, which is composed of these contributions that experience handed the try out of review and are universally permitted as precise and demanding, and the study frontier, which consists of all paintings in development that continues to be below evaluate. Of the hundreds of thousands of clinical contributions made every year, just a handful turn out within the middle. What distinguishes those who are successful?

Agreeing with the constructivists, Cole argues that there exists no algorithm that allows scientists to certify the validity of frontier wisdom. this data is "underdetermined" by means of the facts, and hence social factors--such as expert features and highbrow authority--can and do play a vital position in its review. yet Cole components corporation with the constructivists whilst he asserts that it truly is most unlikely to appreciate which frontier wisdom wins a spot within the middle with out first contemplating the cognitive features of the contributions. He concludes that even if the point of interest of clinical study, the speed of increase, and certainly the standard making of technology are prompted via social variables and tactics, the content material of the center of technology is restricted by way of nature. In Making Science, Cole exhibits how social variables and cognitive variables engage within the assessment of frontier knowledge.

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