By Organisation for economic co-operation and development
This booklet is a part of ongoing paintings in the OECD’s Directorate for Agriculture at the structural and behavioural alterations within the agro-food procedure. Agri-food provide chains have gone through very important structural alterations because the Nineteen Nineties that experience altered the best way corporations do enterprise. essentially the most awesome adjustments is the continued upward thrust within the scale of operations of nutrients organisations in any respect issues alongside the provision chain, such a lot significantly in meals retailing. the increase of retail focus has ended in the worry that outlets may perhaps abuse their industry energy vis-à-vis different actors with smaller industry stocks, particularly farmers and shoppers. This examine addresses this trouble in methods. First, it describes contemporary alterations in retail focus and the comparable adjustments in retail purchasing behaviour. moment, it indicates, in an illustrative means, how you can potentially pursue empirical research of even if retail trading behaviour risks either providers, between that are farmers, and shoppers.
By Daniel Jütte (Jutte), Jeremiah Riemer
So asserts Daniel Jütte during this engrossing, brilliant, and award-winning paintings. He keeps that the frequent reputation or even reverence for this “economy of secrets and techniques” in premodern Europe created a hugely advanced and occasionally perilous area for mutual touch among Jews and Christians. Surveying the interactions among the 2 non secular teams in a wide range of mystery sciences and practices—including alchemy, cryptography, clinical arcana, technological and army secrets and techniques, and intelligence—the writer relates real tales of colourful “professors of secrets and techniques” and clandestine encounters. within the technique Jütte examines how our present thought of secrecy is considerably various during this period of WikiLeaks, Snowden, et al., rather than centuries prior while the truest, most vital wisdom used to be commonly thought of to be mystery via definition.
A research of environmental degradation, this paintings provides the environmental difficulties of South Korea. the results of quick industrialisation and modernisation are documented in addition to the alternatives and activities that are to be had to the rustic.
By Geoffrey Edward Wood
When you consider that 1988, Professor Geoffrey wooden of the Sir John Cass company tuition, has written a typical column within the IEA's magazine, monetary Affairs, within which he exposes renowned monetary fallacies. Fifty financial Fallacies uncovered collects fifty of those columns and exposes quite a few universal fallacies. those lucid and stimulating columns are helpful to scholars suffering to grasp a few of the complexities of financial conception and its purposes, who frequently locate the simplest method to study monetary research is to work out such fallacies uncovered. it's a textual content rather compatible for first 12 months economics scholars, complementing current textbooks because it does, and clarifying easy techniques in economics whereas demonstrating the sensible makes use of of financial conception.
By Stephen E. Hargitay, Shi-Ming Yu
The significance of estate as an funding medium maintains to develop. traders in estate or these concerned with the supply of specialist recommendation to traders have needed to enhance the effectiveness and potency in their determination making. the purpose of this publication is to put down the theoretical foundations of funding determination making, incorporating the ideas and strategies of recent administration technology, in order that specific judgements concerning estate funding may be made successfully and rationally.